njury to bones or joints can cause vertebrae to slip forward and distort the spinal cord. This condition is considered spondylolisthesis and there are two types: degenerative and isthmic.
Causes of Spondylolisthesis
pondylolithesis can occur for a number of reasons. One reason might be that a joint was damaged in an accident; on the other hand, it could be caused by a joint that was defective from
birth. This condition usually occurs between the lumbar vertebra (the fifth bone in the lower back) and the first bone in the pelvis (sacrum) area, but only in children. In this case, it is often due to a birth defect of the spine. Acute trauma can also be a causing factor. However, in adults the most likely cause is irregular wear on the bones in cartilage. High activity sports (sports like weight lifting, football, gymnastics, etc.) can give the bones in the lower back much stress. These athletics also necessitate the athlete to hyper-extend the spine. A stress factor – on either one or both sides of the vertebra – can occur from hyper-extension. A stress factor can force a spinal bone to become frail and move out of place. And last, fractures and bone disease are also causes for this condition.
Symptoms of Spondylolisthesis
pondylolisthesis can result in leg or back pain. It can also relentlessly limit any activity. It has a tendency to arise in the lower spine and can cause the spinal cord or the nerves to be pinched. Weakness and severe discomfort can be experienced throughout the legs when this happens.
There are many common signs that are associated with this condition. Look for lower back pain, stiffness, tenderness, tight muscles, discomfort in the thighs and buttocks, and weakness and pain in the legs.
Diagnosis of Spondylolisthesis
lain radio-graphs are typically used to diagnose this condition. An x-ray from the side (lateral x-ray) will give any indication of a slipped vertebra. Spondylolisthesis is graded according to the percentage of the slipped vertebra versus the vertebra next to it. There are five grades, with Grade 1 being up to a 25 percent slip, and Grade 5 being a 100 percent slip. A CT scan or MRI scan can also help identify compression of nerves.
Treatment of Spondylolisthesis
chedule an appointment with a specialist to determine the exact spine condition and best plan for correcting it. During the examination, your spine will be felt by the specialist or assistant. Exercises like raising the leg will be required for testing, and it may be uncomfortable. X-rays will show if a broken or out of place bone is in the spine.
Laser Spine Surgery offers a full scope of spine services, from supervised rehabilitation to medication and minimally invasive surgery.
Laser Spine Specialists can help get rid of your pain so you can get your life back on track. To learn more about how we can help, call 214-989-6299.